Towards a fair carbon neutral welfare state.

About the project

Explore the 2035Legitimacy project.


Join events.


Follow our blog.

Finland’s goal is to be the world’s first carbon neutral welfare state by 2035.

Finland’s ambitious goal to be a carbon neutral welfare state is achievable, but to be a success, it requires significant changes in Finnish society.

The 2035Legitimacy project explores the legitimacy of Finland’s 2035 carbon neutrality target and its societal implications.

The project builds on the idea that the carbon neutrality target cannot be imposed on a democratic welfare state; instead, it requires widespread social acceptability and support from various actors. Our goal is to identify ways to enhance the legitimacy of climate policies, especially in the eyes of individual citizens.

The issues we explore include the fairness and legitimacy of climate policies in general, the impacts on employment and income distribution from the perspective of individuals, households, and businesses, as well as legal barriers and opportunities for public engagement in climate policy processes.

The project also explores how the key climate policy decisions made at international and EU level influence Finland’s climate policy, and how climate science can be used to examine the climate impacts of Finland’s carbon neutrality policy and the building of legitimacy.

The project is funded by the Academy of Finland’s Strategic Research Council.

Our latest blogs: